Cosmelan is a four-stage deep depigmentation treatment, initially performed in a clinic, with follow up stages at home.
Hyper-pigmentation affects more than 90% of adults over the age of 50 and is also a growing concern for younger people. Caused by the overproduction of melanin in specific areas of the skin, age, genetics, hormonal imbalances, and sun damage are some of the factors which can play a part.
Any skin tone can be affected, and hyperpigmentation can cause a negative self-image, making the person affected feel unattractive or prematurely aged.
The Cosmelan deep depigmentation treatment is a process that uses multiple ingredients applied to the skin in the form of masks and creams to correct or reduce areas of hyperpigmentation and skin discolouration. It is safe for all skin tones and can produce a subtle improvement or dramatic results depending on how the skin responds to the treatment, and the diligence of the client.
In this blog, we’ll explain what the process of Cosmelan involves, touch on a little bit of the history of the procedure, and outline the benefits and drawbacks of the treatment.
A Brief History – Cosmelan Deep Pigmentation
The Cosmelan pack was launched in 2002 by the world-leading aesthetic company Mesoestetic. Cosmelan was a reformulation of one of the company’s successful products, creating a product that would only require one treatment in a clinic and could then be administered by the client themselves at home over a period of months.
Today, thousands of professionals all over the world use Cosmelan to treats pigmentation problems such as melasma, spots, and areas of discolouration. More than one million clients have experienced a Cosmelan treatment.
What to Expect
Your clinician will cleanse your face to remove any makeup and excess oil. ‘Before’ photos may then be taken, with your prior consent. The first treatment is then applied as a cool mask in a thick layer. You will be asked not to talk too much, or touch your face, so glasses wearers should use contact lenses. Your clinician will provide you with a home kit containing everything you need for the next three stages.
You will then go home and leave the mask between 8-10 hours, following the clinician’s specific instructions. You should remain awake to ensure none of the mask runs off, but not exert yourself. As it dries, some of the masks may flake off, so it’s best to avoid light coloured or expensive clothes and furniture.
Clients report an increasing warming sensation as the mask gets to work, but it shouldn’t be painful. When you remove the mask either with cool (not cold) water, or a solution provided in your homecare kit, you may experience more intense heat, akin to sunburn.
You should apply the hydration mask provided, which may cause your skin to tingle. Wait until your skin has absorbed the hydration mask then apply calm repair. In the hours following, your skin may be red, swollen, and/itchy and peeling may begin.
Between 48-72 hours after you have removed the mask, the second phase begins. This involves the three times daily application of Cosmelan 2, along with melan recovery and melan 130+ pigment control during the day. As described above, this phase can be a little uncomfortable, for most clients but you must keep going to have the best chance of achieving the desired results. You will also start to see more visible results as your pigmentation spots fade and dead skin peels and flakes off.
In stage three, you only need to apply the creams once in the morning and apply just the Cosmelan 2 again before you go to bed. Your skin should start to look noticeably brighter with imperfections visibly reduced.
Here, you apply the Cosmelan 2 and then the melan recovery at night, and apply the melan 130+ pigment control during the day. By now your skin should have rehydrated and be looking even with a glow. Continue with the regime as directed and avoid direct sun exposure for the best results.
How it Works Cosmelan Deep Pigmentation?
The combination of chemicals in the Cosmelan 1 treatment stimulates the first layers of the skin, removing the deposits of melanin, superficially fading the pigmentation and improving the overall texture and appearance of your skin.
The Cosmelan 2 homecare kit reaches deep down into the melanocyte where the melanin is produced, controlling its production to prevent further hyperpigmentation from occurring.
Which Areas Can Cosmelan Treat?
Although it is most often applied as a face mask, Cosmelan can be used to treat other areas of the body where hyper-pigmentation occurs, such as the hands, and the décolletage.
Can It Be Combined with Other Treatments?
No, the nature of Cosmelan means it is not suitable to combine with any other depigmentation treatments. Also, you should not undergo any other cosmetic treatments before or soon after your Cosmelan treatment. Please read the section on aftercare for more information.
How Long Does it Take?
The Cosmelan 1 treatment takes around only half-hour for the mask to be applied and left to dry.
However, during treatment, your clinician will take time to explain the homecare process so that you are confident to follow the home care routine which is very important. A home care routine leaflet will also be provided. As described above, the whole process takes a couple of months from the initial treatment session.
Are There Any Side Effects?
Although Cosmelan is a safe treatment, when administered by a trained professional, there are some side effects that can affect clients.
Cosmelan can be used safely on most skin tones, but adverse reactions can include redness, prolonged sensitivity to the sun, peeling, scabbing, cold sores, and as with most aesthetic treatments, there is a small risk of infection.
Your skin may feel dry, itchy and sore for up to four weeks after treatment, but you can relieve these sensations by following the directions in your home kit.
Downtime & Aftercare
Cosmelan treatments differ from many other aesthetic treatments in that much of the ‘work’ is done at home. As such, there are certain dos and don’ts you should adhere to before, during, and after the treatment, to ensure you achieve the optimal results. It is, therefore, advisable to take a week off work.
Before the Treatment:
- This treatment isn’t suitable for you if you are pregnant or breastfeeding
- Anyone with severe cystic acne should avoid Cosmelan and seek advice from a dermatologist
- Those with very thin or sensitive skin are not suitable candidates
- If you have had any kind of facial surgery, you must wait up to 6 months (for the scars to heal completely) before having Cosmelan treatment
- Likewise, you will need to wait a designated time after undergoing any other cosmetic treatments (1 week after Botox or Dermal Fillers, 1 week following laser hair removal)
- Wait 1 week after a facial wax or using depilatory creams
- Wait a week after a microdermabrasion treatment or glycolic peel
- Stop using glycolic acid and Retin-A 2 weeks before the treatment
- Avoid using exfoliates, scrubs, and self-tanners 48 hours before the treatment
- Try to keep your skin as hydrated as possible to promote faster healing after the treatment
- Avoid excessive sun exposure