The use of Botox® as an anti-ageing method is one of the cornerstones of the cosmetic and aesthetic industry. FDA- approved, minimally invasive, and producing noticeable results, which can last up to 2-3 months, Botox® is a safe and cost-effective alternative to cosmetic surgery.
A Brief History of the Botox Word
Botox®, or to give its proper name, botulinum toxin, has been in use in the cosmetics industry for more than 30 years. However, scientists have been experimenting with botulinum toxin for centuries. The aim was always to assess its potential to work as a cure or preventative measure, rather than a deadly toxin.
The journey from initial discovery to today’s safe and legal use of botulinum toxin evolved over centuries of experiments and testing, beginning in 1817.
Botulinum toxin originated from bacteria Clostridium botulinum, which was first discovered by German doctor Justinus Kerner in contaminated sausage, in 1817. Kerner experimented with injecting small amounts of the toxin into plants, small, animals and, eventually, ingested a tiny portion of the contaminated meat himself, to test its effects. He believed the toxin could become a cure if it was properly diluted.
Decades later, Belgian bacteriologist Emile Pierre van Ermengem made the same discovery after a botulism outbreak in Belgium in 1895 and began his own more refined experiments, isolating Clostridium botulinum and writing it was “bacterium able to produce the neurotoxin botulinum which, when ingested, causes severe paralytic disease.” The work of both men had a profound effect on food safety, but it would not come to benefit the medical or cosmetic industries, for decades to come.
In the 1920s, scientists at the University of California worked on isolating botulinum toxin. Scientist around the world characterized C. botulinum toxins – between them identifying types A, B and C by 1922. Type E followed in 1936. Type A is used in Botox® and other brands such as Vistabel, Dysport, Bocouture, and Azzalure.
Jump ahead to the 1970s, and scientists began to use botulinum toxin to treat crossed eyes (strabismus) and involuntary blinking and eye twitching (blepharospasm). Like many inventions, the cosmetic applications of botulinum toxin were discovered by accident. In 1987, a patient of an eye doctor Dr Jean Carruthers expressed her frustration that she had not been injected in the forehead with Botox®, just the area around the eye, as her wrinkles went away in the treated area.
Thus one of the biggest trends in cosmetic surgery was born. Allergen got approval for Botox® in 1989 and decide to trademark its recipe, instead of filing for a patent.
Benefits for the Aesthetic World
Botox® is a minimally invasive procedure which is performed quickly in an office, making it highly accessible to just about everyone.
Wrinkles, under-eye bags, frown lines and nasolabial folds (smile lines) can mar an otherwise youthful appearance and dent a person’s confidence. The use of Botox ® in these target areas can make men and women look years younger, as well as rested and refreshed.
Injecting Botox® under the brow line can also make your eyes appear wider, giving you a more wide-awake and alert appearance.
Botox® can be used to subtly change the shape of your features, shrink pores and give skin a smooth, dewy appearance.
Another benefit Botox® can afford men and women is the relief from excessive sweating. Some people have overactive sweat glands and even medical-grade antiperspirants may struggle to control them. Injecting Botox® can stop the communication between nerves and sweat glands, so you stay dry and fresh.
Botox® also has some medical uses, such as treating severe prolonged migraines, eyelid spasms, uncrossing eyes and reducing the symptoms of an overacting bladder caused by a neurological condition.
However, it is the cosmetic benefits which continue to make Botox® one of the most requested aesthetic clinic procedures in the world. As standards of beauty change, so too do cosmetic treatments. The idea of how we use and think of Botox® is undergoing something of a makeover.
How Botox is Moving Forward
Since it first came into common use in the 1970s, plastic surgeons have been working to maximise the effectiveness of Botox® whilst minimizing the potential side effects. This research has primarily led to the use of smaller doses and more diluted concentrations.
Usually, a more concentrated dose of Botox® is injected to create a paralytic effect in the desired area, in order to reduce expression lines and prevent the muscles which create them from moving.
Aside from reported side effects, one of the main criticisms of Botox was the unsubtle and unnatural appearance it sometimes created with regular use.
How many botox sessions will I need?
Botox® does not work on all wrinkles and, while many patients see no side effects whatsoever, side effects can vary from person to person. Normal side effects can include minor bruising, discomfort, and flu-like symptoms for up to 48 hours following treatment. That is another reason it is imperative that Botox® be administered by a licensed clinical technician who can talk you through the side-effects and help you to manage them safely and effectively.
BOTOX FOR FACE
To find out more about botox or any other aesthetic treatment book online for a free consultation with our experienced aestheticians or contact us on 07305800057 or 020 8286 8858 to speak with a member of our team.
We’d love to hear your view or answer your questions, so do not hesitate to contact us on anything relating the blog above, beauty issues or our treatments available.
*Disclaimer: Results vary from person to person and are based on factors such as age, lifestyle habits and medical history